The Conflict with Renamo, 1976-1992
«August 1991»

Dossier MZ-0020


1977 1978 September 1981


138. Scandal at the ICRC

Logo of ICRC

A Swiss employee of the Red Cross in Beira was suspected of channelling military equipment to Renamo disguised as humanitarian aid. The man, Hans Ulrich Spiess, was detained after over 200 kg. of military uniforms were discovered in a Red Cross warehouse among used clothing that had been sent from West Germany. Mozambican security suspected that weapons and ammunition might have been shipped in the same manner.

Meanwhile, claims of continuing South African involvement with Renamo continued to emerge, including contacts with the South African right-wing Conservative Party and the neo-Nazi AWB. In addition, supplies were still being sent from South Africa into Mozambique in violation of the Nkomati Accord, signed by the two governments in March 1984. The month of August saw attacks in Gaza, with Renamo claiming to have destroyed the FPLM's provincial military headquarters and some tanks, as well as in Chibuto, Manjacaze, Bilene, and elsewhere. It was also reported that the rebel group was planning "a major offensive in the Zambezi valley".


Consolidated Downloadable Zipped Files

Click on the yellow folder image below to download an unsorted zipped archive of documents and press clippings in PDF format concerning the armed conflict between Renamo/MNR and the Mozambican government in August 1991.

Zipped file image