The Conflict with Renamo, 1976-1992
«January 1991»

Dossier MZ-0020


1977 1978 September 1981


131. A Partial Cease-Fire, but Mozambique in Turmoil

Zim troops

Above: Zimbabwean troops who had been protecting the Tete corridor between Zimbabwe and Malawi from Renamo attacks preparing for redeployment after the partial cease-fire of December 1990. Photo: Ziana.

The December partial cease-fire was violated on several occasions in January, with the JVC (Joint Verification Commission) concluding that Renamo had been responsible for at least three incidents. There was fierce fighting for control of the Renamo heartland in the Gorongosa mountains after the withdrawal of Zimbabwean forces, and control of the Zimbabwe-Malawi road route through Tete province was also disputed. The 285-km. route from Nyamapanda to Lilongwe was described in one report as a "hell-run" and in mid-month its use was suspended after an attack in which several people were killed and five drivers and a couple of women hitch-hikers were missing and feared dead. In other attacks, Renamo targeted a refugee settlement and also killed a Portuguese missionary, Father Manuel Joaquim Cristovão.


Consolidated Downloadable Zipped Files

Click on the yellow folder image below to download an unsorted zipped archive of documents and press clippings in PDF format concerning the armed conflict between Renamo/MNR and the Mozambican government in January 1991.

Zipped file image